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High Political Costs: Causes and Effects of High Election Costs in Indonesia

2023-06-15

besturs_cfp_des_2023.pngOne of the striking characteristics of Indonesian democracy is the transactional politics of every politician who wants to compete in elections, whether in the legislative, presidential, or local elections. The impact of transactional politics, in the end, damages the foundations of elections and is also dangerous for democracy. Upholding the principles of transparency and accountability can only be fully implemented in some elections. At least three factors arise in this context: limited regulations, weak enforcement of regulations, and low political will of stakeholders in promoting transparency and openness.

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